Mediterranean Sea semi-closed and surrounded by the Mediterranean from the north and the South countries EU and south states of the north and the EU and the middle of the Levant and Israel and reaches the Atlantic Ocean from the west through the Strait of Gibraltar, the Black Sea through the Dardanelles Strait, the Red Sea through the Suez Canal in the north of Egypt.
Mediterranean Sea connecting three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe with each, and the total number of states that view Twenty-two countries from three continents, the continent of Europe, the coasts of the Kingdom of Spain 6381 km, the Republic of France 4853 km, Croatia 5835 km, Albania, Montenegro 362 Km 393.5 km, the Italian Republic 7600 km, the Turkish Republic of 7200 km, 4.1 km, the Principality of Monaco, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 Km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Malta, Slovenia 196.8 mm km 46.6 km, Greece has the longest coast on the Mediterranean 13676-kilometer away.
From the continent of Asia, the Mediterranean Sea is bordered by four countries: Israel, with a length of about 40 km, the Syrian Republic 193 km, Lebanon 225 km, the island of Cyprus.
photo from Cyprus island
On the African continent, the North African countries overlook the Mediterranean Sea, Egypt with a coast of 2,450 kilometers, the Kingdom of Morocco 1835 km, the Democratic Republic of Algeria 998 km, Libya 1770 km, Tunisia 1848 km.
photo from Tunisia
The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) estimates that each year the Mediterranean receives about 650 million tons of wastewater, 129,000 tons of mineral oil, 60,000 tons of mercury, 3,800 tons of lead and 36,000 tons of phosphate, confirming that 70% of the wastewater in which it is treated is untreated.
For example, Greece’s production of the classic packagings is between 180,000 and 300,000 tons a year, while the total demand for the palas is 500 thousand tons. A very small proportion of this quantity is recycled, while the Retail Consumer Research Institute estimates that the Greeks use 363 plastic bags per person per year. When reading these large numbers, the reader will know the size of the pollution problem with the classic waste, our example Greece, what about other Countries?
About two months ago, a major environmental disaster triggered an oil spill from a submerged oil tanker in the Arago-Saronic Gulf of Athens. Municipal officials and officials responsible for the closure of the beaches, fearing outbreaks of diseases and to maintain the safety and health of the holidaymakers, leaked to the sea about 2500 tons of fuel oil and marine gas, due to the negligence of staff from the ship.
Scientists believe the sea needs years to recover from the disaster. The Greek government has not taken the situation seriously and the oil removal from the beaches has been slow compared to the scale of the disaster. Twenty-eight tons of fuel have been removed from only one beach.
Tara Expeditions funded and organized the Tara Mediterran (2014) campaign, which collected 3,500 samples of contaminated sea water from 280 sites. The main objective of this campaign is to better understand the composition of microorganisms, the organisms that colonize them, and their effects on the Mediterranean environment. With a group of 14 renowned laboratories from different countries, they have worked hard on a database containing:
– The development of tools, models and indicators to predict the understanding of the distribution of the plastic basin in the Mediterranean and to assess its size and characterization
– Building a polymer database of chemical components, mass and abundance of particles in the Mediterranean Sea.
High-quality data and analysis are essential to ensure that options to address the problem of marine waste are based on the best available science.
The database will be open to scientists, stakeholders and citizens involved in initiatives that require the use of this database to develop measures to reduce marine pollution and to achieve a healthy environment for the Mediterranean countries and to ensure a healthy life for the population of the basin.